AREAS OF NATURAL CONSTRAINT SCHEME (ANC) [FORMERLY KNOWN AS LFA/DAS]
Farmers in less favored areas face significant handicaps deriving from factors such as remoteness, difficult topography and poor soil conditions. They tend to have lower farm productivity and higher unit cost production costs than farmers in other areas. Without financial support, these lower returns from farming would pose a significant threat to the future viability of these farming communities. The stated objectives of this scheme are to:
- Ensure continued agricultural land use, thereby contributing to the maintenance of a viable rural society.
- Maintain the countryside.
- Maintain and promoting sustainable farming systems, which in particular take account of environmental protection requirements.
Structure of the Areas of Natural Constraint Scheme (ANCS)
The ANC scheme operates in much the same way as in the 2007-2013 Less Favored Areas/Disadvantage Areas Scheme (LFC/DAS) programme. Each Member State (MS) has until 2018 to designate its ANCS by reference to biophysical criteria. This may change the designation of areas and the structure of the scheme. Under the scheme different levels of aid can be paid (i) depending on the severity of the natural constraint and (ii) the system of farming.
applicants for support will be required to:
· be a registered herdowner.
· occupy and farm a minimum of three hectares of forage land in a anc area.
· comply with required stocking rates.
· comply with good agricultural and environmental conditions.
Proposed costing and specifications
Current levels of payment rates are linked to whether the qualifying land is in the most severely handicapped category, the less severely handicapped category or is mountain type land. It is proposed that the new scheme would cost €95 million per annum.
Disadvantaged areas Breakdown on County Basis: (click on relevant county)